Iran is located in southwest Asia, A country of mountains and deserts. Eastern Iran is a high plateau with large salt areas and vast sand deserts. The plateau is surrounded by mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Alburz to the north.
Its neighbors are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, and Armenia on the north, Afghanistan, and Pakistan on the east, and, and Turkey and Iraq on the west.
Tehran is the capital, the country’s largest city, and the political, cultural, commercial, and industrial center of the nation.
Iran holds an important position in international energy security and the world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas.