Yazd is a spectacular historical city in central Iran. It is located between Isfahan and Kerman, 270 km southeast of Esfahan. The province is largely desert which is called Kavir in the Persian language.
The geographical features of this area have made its people developed special architectural styles. For this reason, in the old part of the city, most houses are built of mud-bricks and have domed roofs. These materials preventing heat from passing through.
A trip to Yazd will make you familiar with life in this deserted town and how people adapt with it. You will learn about underground water system (Kariz or Qanat) for which Iranians are well known, The water reservoirs, icehouses (Yakhchal), wind catchers (Badgir) that were designed to bring cool air from underground and wind to the buildings chamber and also pigeon towers to use their eggs, flesh, and dung.
Most of all Zoroastrians in Iran are living in Yazd. the fire temples in the city and also in some villages around had become historic pilgrimage sites for Zoroastrians from all around the world.
The city itself is very hot and dry in summer due to its location because it is located between two main deserts of the Dasht-e Kavir and the Kavir-e-Lut.
History of Yazd
Originally, Yazd was called Isatis at the time of Median Empire when it emerged. The city prospered under Sassanians when it was a center of the followers of the Zoroastrian faith.
It became the capital during the Muzaffarid dynasty who ruled in the 14th century. They came to Yazd after Khorasan, because their original birthplace was attacked by Mongols. Some of the rulers settled in Meybod, another town in this province.
The city was an important Zoroastrian religious center during the Sassanian dynasty (226–642 A.D) and has remained a center of Zoroastrianism up to the present, although the followers of this faith comprise less than 10 percent of the population.
Marco Polo mentioned it as a noble city of Yazd which has a great amount of trade.
And finally, its registered as a UNESCO heritage site in 2017.